Op. Dr. Nasif Ortas

What is Brain and Nerve Surgery (Neurosurgery)?

Brain and neurosurgery; Also known as “Neurosurgery”, it is a branch of medicine that provides surgical treatment of diseases involving the brain, spinal cord and nerves in the body. Physicians who perform these operations are called "Neurosurgeons" or "Neurosurgeons".

What diseases does neurosurgery treat?

The neurosurgery unit deals with the treatment of diseases in the parts of the body including the brain, including the nervous system, and the treatment of various ailments caused by damage to these regions. The neurosurgery unit provides services in various disease groups such as tumors and vascular diseases, traumas in the brain and nervous system, and spinal diseases. The main ailments treated by neurosurgery are as follows:

brain hemorrhages

Brain hemorrhages, which occur as a result of damage to the brain tissue or rupture of its vessels and pose a life threat, are sometimes seen for traumatic and sometimes for different reasons. Trauma, defined as a blow to the head, the place where the blow came from and the damage to the head may result in cerebral hemorrhage.

brain tumors

A tumor is a benign or malignant mass that can appear in various parts of the body. The malignant ones of the tumors are known as “cancer”. Tumors in the brain cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, balance problems, forgetfulness, fainting, visual disturbances, numbness in the arms and legs. People experiencing these complaints should apply to the neurosurgery unit.

Spinal diseases

your spine; Surgical intervention is applied in traumatic diseases such as accidents and injuries, congenital diseases such as spinal canal narrowing and aging process, as well as congenital diseases. And also; Diseases such as lumbar and neck hernia are treated by neurosurgeons. 


Damages caused by factors such as falling, injury, accident, gun injury, sports activities are called trauma. Traumas that occur in the spine and head region of the body require urgent intervention. Neurosurgery unit plays an important role in the treatment of these conditions.

Childhood brain and nerve diseases

Surgical intervention is applied to congenital and acquired head and spine diseases. Among these, tumors, vascular diseases, hydrocephalus, which is defined as brain water collection in the head, and "spinal dysraphism", which is more common especially in the newborn period, can be counted predominantly.

Peripheral nerve surgery

Peripheral neurosurgery is the field of neurosurgery that deals with the diseases of the nerves in the body parts other than the central nervous system, and surgical treatments that require treatment. It includes the surgical treatment of conditions such as nerve entrapment, nerve sheath tumors and nerve traumas such as carpal tunnel syndrome (nerve compression at the wrist) and Unlar nerve entrapment (cubital tunnel syndrome) (nerve compression at the elbow).

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